Key Stage 1 Art and Design

National Curriculum England 2014 - NAHT Assessment Framework

Year 1

  • To use a range of materials creatively to design and make productsj

Key Stage 1 Mathematics

National Curriculum England 2014 - NAHT Assessment Framework

Geometry - position and direction

Year 2
  • Uses mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement, including movement in a straight line and distinguishing between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and three-quarter turns (clockwise and anti-clockwise)

Geometry - properties of shapes

Year 1
  • Recognises and names common 2-D and 3-D shapes, including:
Year 2
  • Compares and sorts common 2-D and 3-D shapes and everyday objects

Measurement

Year 1
  • Compare, describe and solve practical problems for:
    • Lengths and heights e.g. long/short, longer/shorter, tall/short, double/half
    • Mass/weight e.g. heavy/light, heavier than, lighter than
    • Capacity and volume e.g. full/empty, more than, less than, half, half full, quarter
    • Time e.g. quicker, slower, earlier, later
  • Tells the time to the hour and half past the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times
Year 2
  • Solves simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change

Number - addition and subtraction

Year 1
  • Represent and use number bonds and related subtraction facts within 20
Year 2
  • Recalls and uses addition and subtraction facts to 20 and 100:
    • To use addition and subtraction facts fluently up to 20.

Number - fractions

Year 1
  • Recognises, finds and names a half as one of two equal parts of an object, shape or quantity
Year 2
  • Recognises, find, name and write fractions ⅓, ¼,2/4 and ¾ of a length, shape, set of objects or quantity

Number - multiplication and division

Year 2
  • Recalls and use multiplication and division facts for the two, five and 10 multiplication tables, including recognising odd and even numbers
  • Solves problems involving multiplication and division, using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication and division facts, including problems in contexts

Number - number and place value

Year 1
  • Count to and across 100, forwards and backwards, beginning with 0 or 1, or from any given number
  • Count, read and write numbers to 100 in numerals; count in multiples of twos, fives and tens
  • Given a number, identifies 1 more and 1 less
Year 2
  • Count in steps of two, three, and five from 0, and in 10s from any number, forward and backward
  • Compares and orders numbers from 0 up to 100
  • Uses < > and = signs correctly
  • Uses place value and number facts to solve problems

Statistics

Year 2
  • Asks and answers questions about totalling and comparing categorical data

Key Stage 1 Reading

National Curriculum England 2014 - NAHT Assessment Framework

Comprehension

Year 1
  • Understands both the books they can already read accurately and fluently and those they listen to by:
    • Checking that the text makes sense to them as they read
    • As they read, correcting inaccurate reading
    • Discussing the significance of the title and events
    • Predicting what might happen on the basis of what has been read so far
Year 2
  • Participates in discussion about books, poems and other works that are read to them and those that they can read for themselves, taking turns and listening to what others say
  • Explain and discuss their understanding of books, poems and other material, both those that they listen to and those that they read for themselves

Word reading

Year 1
  • Responds speedily with the correct sound to graphemes (letters or groups of letters) for all 40+ phonemes, including, where applicable, alternative sounds for graphemes
  • Reads accurately by blending sounds in unfamiliar words
  • Reads common exception words
  • Reads aloud accurately books that are consistent with their developing phonic knowledge and that do not require them to use other strategies to work out words
Year 2
  • Reads accurately by blending the sounds in words that contain the graphemes taught so far, especially recognising alternative sounds for graphemes
  • Reads accurately words of two or more syllables that contain the same graphemes as above
  • Read further common exception words, noting unusual correspondences between spelling and sound and where these occur in the word
  • Reads most words at an instructional level 93-95 per cent quickly and accurately without overt sounding and blending, when they have been frequently encountered
  • Reads aloud books closely matched to their improving phonic knowledge, sounding out unfamiliar words accurately, automatically and without undue hesitation

Key Stage 1 Writing

National Curriculum England 2014 - NAHT Assessment Framework

Composition

Year 1
  • Write sentences by:
    • Sequencing sentences to form short narratives
    • Re-reading what they have written to check that it makes sense
Year 2
  • Develops positive attitudes towards, and stamina for, writing, by writing for different purposes
  • Makes simple additions, revisions and corrections to their own writing.
    • Rereading to check that their writing makes sense and that verbs to indicate time are used correctly and consistently, including verbs in the continuous form
    • Proofreading to check for errors in spelling, grammar and punctuation
    • Segmenting spoken words into phonemes and representing these by graphemes, spelling many correctly
    • Learning new ways of spelling phonemes for which one or more spellings are already known; and learn some words with each spelling, including a few common homophones.

Handwriting

Year 1
  • Begins to form lower-case letters in the correct direction, starting and finishing in the right place
Year 2
  • Start using some of the diagonal and horizontal strokes needed to join letters and understand which letters, when adjacent to one another, are best left unjoined
  • Writes capital letters and digits of the correct size, orientation and relationship to one another and to lower-case letters

Transcription - Spelling

Year 1
  • Spells words containing each of the 40+ phonemes already taught
  • Names the letters of the alphabet in order
  • Writes from memory simple sentences dictated by the teacher that include words using the GPCs and common exception words taught so far

Vocabulary, grammar and punctuation

Year 1
  • Introduces capital letters, full stops, question marks and exclamation marks to demarcate sentences
Year 2
  • Uses capital letters, full stops, question marks and exclamation marks to demarcate sentences
  • Use commas to separate items in a list
  • Uses the correct choice and consistent use of present tense and past tense throughout a written piece
  • Constructs subordination (using when, if, that, because) and  co-ordination (using or, and, but)
  • Uses the suffixes –er, –est in adjectives and –ly to turn adjectives into adverbs

Key Stage 2 Mathematics

National Curriculum England 2014 - NAHT Assessment Framework

Algebra

Year 6
  • Uses simple formulae

Geometry - position and direction

Year 4
  • Plots specified points and draw sides to complete a given polygon
Year 6
  • Draws and translate simple shapes on the coordinate plane and reflect them in the axes
  • Interprets pie charts and line graphs and uses these to solve problems

Geometry - properties of shapes

Year 4
  • Compares and classifies geometric shapes, including quadrilaterals and triangles, based on their properties and sizes
  • Identify lines of symmetry in two dimensional shapes presented in different orientations
Year 5
  • Draws given angles, and measure them in degrees (°)
  • Distinguishes between regular and irregular polygons based on reasoning about equal sides and angles
Year 6
  • Compares and classifies geometric shapes based on their properties and sizes and find unknown angles in any triangles, quadrilaterals, and regular polygons

Measurement

Year 3
  • Measures, compare, adds and subtracts lengths (m/cm/mm); mass (kg/g); volume/capacity (l/ml)
  • Adds and subtracts amounts of money to give change, using both £ and p in practical contexts
  • Tells and writes the time from an analogue clock and 12-hour and 24-hour clocks
  • Identifies right angles, recognises that two right angles make a half-turn, three make three quarters of a turn and four a complete turn; identifies whether angles are greater than or less than a right angle
Year 4
  • Converts between different units of measure e.g. kilometre to metre; hour to minute
Year 5
  • Converts between different units of metric measure eg kilometre and metre; centimetre and metre; centimetre and millimetre; gram and kilogram; litre and millilitre
  • Measures and calculates the perimeter of composite rectilinear shapes in centimetres and metres
  • Calculates and compares the area of rectangles (including squares), including using standard units, square centimetres (cm²) and square metres (m²)
Year 6
  • Uses, reads, writes and converts between standard units, converting measurements of length, mass, volume and time from a smaller unit of measure to a larger unit, and vice versa, using decimal notation to up to three decimal places

Number - addition and subtraction

Year 3
  • Add and subtract numbers mentally including:
    • A three-digit number and ones
    • A three-digit number and tens
    • A three-digit number and hundreds
Year 4
  • Solves addition and subtraction two-step problems in context, deciding which operations and methods to use and why
Year 5
  • Adds and subtracts whole numbers with more than 4 digits, including using formal written methods (columnar addition and subtraction)
  • Adds and subtracts numbers mentally with increasingly large numbers (eg 12,462 - 2,300 = 10,162)

Number - addition, subtraction, multiplication and division

Year 6
  • Multiplies multi-digit numbers up to four digits by a two-digit whole number using the formal written method of long multiplication
  • Divides numbers up to four digits by a two-digit number using the formal written method of short division where appropriate, interpreting remainders according to the context
  • Solves addition and subtraction multi-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why
  • Uses estimation to check answers to calculations and determines, in the context of a problem, an appropriate degree of accuracy

Number - fractions

Year 3
  • Counts up and down in tenths; recognise that tenths arise from dividing an object into 10 equal parts and in dividing one-digit numbers or quantities by 10
  • Recognises, find and write fractions of a discrete set of objects: unit fractions and non-unit fractions with small denominators
  • Recognises and shows, using diagrams, equivalent fractions with small denominators
Year 4
  • Recognises and shows, using diagrams, families of common equivalent fractions
  • Counts up and down in hundredths; recognise that hundredths arise when dividing an object by 100 and dividing tenths by 10
  • Rounds decimals with one decimal place to the nearest whole number
  • Solves simple measure and money problems involving fractions and decimals to two decimal places
Year 5
  • Compares and orders fractions whose denominators are all multiples of the same number
  • Read and write decimal numbers as fractions e.g. 0.71 =71/100
  • Reads, writes, orders and compares numbers with up to 3 decimal places
  • Solves problems which require knowing percentage and decimal equivalents of ½, ¼, ⅕, ⅖, ⅘ and those fractions with a denominator of a multiple of 10 or 25
Year 6
  • Uses written division methods in cases where the answer has up to two decimal places
  • Solves problems which require answers to be rounded to specified degrees of accuracy
  • Recalls and uses equivalences between simple fractions, decimals and percentages, including in different contexts

Number - multiplication and division

Year 3
  • Recalls and uses multiplication and division facts for the multiplication tables:
    • Three;
    • Four; and
    • Eight.
  • Writes and calculates mathematical statements for multiplication and division using the multiplication tables that they know, including for two-digit numbers times one-digit numbers, using mental and progressing to formal written methods
Year 4
  • Recalls multiplication and division facts for multiplication tables up to 12 x 12
Year 5
  • Identifies multiples and factors, including finding all factor pairs of a number, and common factors of two numbers
  • Solves problems involving multiplication and division, including using a knowledge of factors and multiples, squares and cubes
  • Solves problems involving multiplication and division, including scaling by simple fractions and problems involving simple rates

Number - number and place value

Year 3
  • Counts from 0 in multiples of four, eight, 50 and 100
  • Can work out if a given number is greater or less than 10 or 100
  • Recognises the place value of each digit in a 3-digit number (hundreds, tens and ones)
  • Solves number problems and practical problems involving these ideas
Year 4
  • Count in multiples of six, seven, nine, 25 and 1,000
  • Counts backwards through 0 to include negative numbers
  • Orders and compares numbers beyond 1,000
  • Rounds any number to the nearest 10, 100 or 1,000
Year 5
  • Reads, writes, orders and compares numbers to at least 1,000,000 and determine the value of each digit
  • Interprets negative numbers in context, count forwards and backwards with positive and negative whole numbers, including through zero
Year 6
  • Rounds any whole number to a required degree of accuracy
  • Uses negative numbers in context, and calculate intervals across zero

Ratio and proportion

Year 6
  • Solve problems involving the calculation of percentages eg of measures and such as 15% of 360, and the use of percentages for comparison
  • Solves problems involving unequal sharing and grouping using knowledge of fractions and multiples

Statistics

Year 3
  • Interprets and presents data using bar charts, pictograms and tables
Year 4
  • Solves comparison, sum and difference problems using information presented in bar charts, pictograms, tables and other graphs
Year 5
  • Completes, reads and interprets information in tables, including timetables
Year 6
  • Calculates and interprets the mean as an average

Key Stage 2 Reading

National Curriculum England 2014 - NAHT Assessment Framework

Comprehension

Year 3
  • Develops positive attitudes to reading, and an understanding of what they read, by:
    • Listening to and discussing a wide range of fiction, poetry, plays, non-fiction and reference books or textbooks
    • Using dictionaries to check the meaning of words that they have read
    • Identifying themes and conventions in a wide range of books
  • Understands what they have read independently by:
    • Drawing inferences such as inferring characters’ feelings, thoughts and motives from their actions, and justifying inferences with evidence
    • Predicting what might happen from details stated and implied
  • Retrieves and records information from non-fiction
Year 4
  • Listens to and discusses a wide range of fiction, poetry, plays, non-fiction and reference books or textbooks
  • Uses dictionaries to check the meaning of words that have been read
  • Identifies themes and conventions in a wide range of books
  • Checks that the text makes sense to the individual, discussing his understanding and explaining the meaning of words in context
  • Draws inferences such as inferring characters’ feelings, thoughts and motives from their actions and justifies inferences with evidence
  • Predicts what might happen from details stated and implied
  • Identifies main ideas drawn from more than one paragraph and summarises these
  • Retrieves and record information from non-fiction
Year 5
  • Increases familiarity with a wide range of books including myths, legends and traditional stories, modern fiction, fiction from our literary heritage, and books from other cultures and traditions
  • Checks that the book makes sense to the reader, discussing the individual’s understanding and exploring the meaning of words in context
  • Summarises the main ideas drawn from more than one paragraph, identifying key details that support the main ideas
  • Retrieves, records and presents information from non-fiction
  • Participates in discussions about books that are read to the child and those that can be read independently
  • Provides reasoned justifications for their views about a book
Year 6
  • Increases familiarity with a wide range of books, including myths, legends and traditional stories, modern fiction, fiction from our literary heritage, and books from other cultures and traditions
  • Checks that the book makes sense to the reader, discussing the individual’s understanding and exploring the meaning of words in context
  • Summarises the main ideas drawn from more than one paragraph, identifying key details that support the main ideas
  • Retrieves, records and presents information from non-fiction
  • Participates in discussions about books that are read to the individual and those that can be read independently
  • Provides reasoned justifications for their views about a book

Word reading

Year 3
  • Reads further exception words, noting the unusual correspondences between spelling and sound, and where these occur in the word
Year 4
Year 5
  • Applies a growing knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes (morphology and etymology), as listed in English appendix 1 of the national curriculum, both to read aloud and to understand the meaning of new words that are met
Year 6
  • Applies a growing knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes (morphology and etymology), as listed in English appendix 1 of the national curriculum, both to read aloud and to understand the meaning of new words that they meet

Key Stage 2 Writing

National Curriculum England 2014 - NAHT Assessment Framework

Composition

Year 3
  • Organises paragraphs around a theme
  • In narratives, creates settings, characters and plot
  • Uses headings and sub-headings to aid presentation
  • Proof-reads for spelling and punctuation errors
Year 4
  • Organises paragraphs around a theme
  • In narratives, creates settings, characters and plot
  • Proof-reads for spelling and punctuation errors
Year 5
  • Identifies the audience for, and purpose of, the writing
  • Selects the appropriate form and uses other similar writing as models for their own
  • Describes settings, characters and atmosphere
  • Uses further organisational and presentational devices to structure text and to guide the reader (eg headings, bullet points, underlining)
  • Ensures the consistent and correct use of tense throughout a piece of writing
  • Proof-reads for spelling and punctuation errors
Year 6
  • Identifies the audience for, and purpose of, the writing
  • Selects the appropriate form and uses other similar writing as models for their own
  • Uses further organisational and presentational devices to structure text and to guide the reader (eg headings, bullet points, underlining)
  • Can describe settings, characters and atmosphere
  • Ensures the consistent and correct use of tense throughout a piece of writing
  • Proof-reads for spelling and punctuation errors

Transcription - Spelling

Year 4
  • Writes from memory simple sentences, dictated by the teacher, that include words and punctuation taught so far

Vocabulary, grammar and punctuation

Year 3
  • Uses the present perfect form of verbs instead of the simple past eg ‘He has gone out to play’ in contrast to ‘He went out to play’
  • Expresses time, place and cause using conjunctions
  • Introduces inverted commas to punctuate direct speech
  • Uses the forms ‘a’ or ‘an’ according to whether the next word begins with a consonant or a vowel eg a rock, an open box
Year 4
  • Uses fronted adverbials
  • Can choose an appropriate pronoun or noun within and across sentences to aid cohesion and avoid repetition
  • Uses standard English forms for verb inflections instead of local spoken forms
  • Uses inverted commas and other punctuation to indicate direct speech
Year 5
  • Indicates degrees of possibility using adverbs (eg perhaps, surely) or modal verbs (eg might, should, will, must)
  • Uses commas to clarify meaning or avoid ambiguity
  • Converts nouns or adjectives into verbs using suffixes (eg -ate; -ise; -ify)
  • Uses devices to build cohesion within a paragraph (eg then, after that, this, firstly)
Year 6
  • Uses dictionaries to check the spelling and meaning of words
  • Can understand and apply the difference between vocabulary typical of informal speech and vocabulary appropriate for formal speech and writing (eg find out - discover; ask for - request; go in - enter)
  • Uses the passive voice to affect the presentation of information in a sentence (eg ‘I broke the window in the greenhouse’ versus ‘The window in the greenhouse was broken (by me)’
  • Uses the colon to introduce a list
  • Punctuates bullet points to list information
  • Can use layout devices, such as headings, sub-headings, columns, bullets, or tables, to structure text